Universitas Gadjah Mada in collaboration with Center for Security and Peace Studies (CSPS UGM) organized an international seminar on 17 & 25 January 2019. The theme of seminar was Indonesian Islam in Global Stages: An Inspiration of Nusantara Peace for the World. The seminar was held based on Indonesia condition as a democratic country and the biggest number of Muslim in the world. Indonesian reputation as Islamic and democratic country is acknowledged by people. Islam in Indonesia is called as ‘the smiling face of Islam in the world’. Some scholars often mention ‘Islam Indonesia’ and ‘Islam Anatolia’ in Turkey as the future of Global Islam which brings peace, inclusive, tolerance, diversity friendly, future insight, and in line with the principles of democracy. Amidst of chaos and conflict in the world especially Muslim country in Middle East, Islam in Indonesia is in line with the development of democracy and peace.
These achievements based on the active roles of Islamic organizations in Indonesia in developing democracy and peace. The front line of Islamic organizations is Nahdlatul Ulama and Muhammadiyah. Those are the biggest Islamic organizations in Indonesia, even in the world. They are called as the main factor of ‘Islam Berkeadaban’ or civil Islam, said Prof. Robert W. Hefner. They have controlled a peaceful transition process in the end of 20s. Both organizations are important in the process of democratization in Indonesia because they spread religion arguments which in line with the principles of democracy and empowering people. For their members, both Indonesian Oldest Islamic organizations have an important and significance influence. Based on the survey by Alvara Research Centre in 2017, the number of Muslim which affiliates with NU approximately about 79 million while Muhammadiyah 22.4 million.
Besides helping the process of transition in Indonesia, both organizations are contributed in many peace activities and program either in local or international level. NU organization (PBNU) has a long history in leading the process of peace in Afghanistan since 2011. NU is working on second track diplomacy by sending scholars from many Islamic schools as the peacemaker to unify warring regions in Afghanistan (Aziz, 2018). KH. Abdurrahman Wahid, in or after the chief of PBNU, contributes in the process of peacemaking in Palestine-Israel conflict even though they had a lot of controversies. Those efforts are followed by KH. Yahya Choril Staquf, young scholars which serves as the chief of security Am Syuriah PBNU.
Meanwhile, Muhammadiyah has been involved in the process of peacebuilding activities in regional and global level. Muhammadiyah is being active in conflicts resolution through open discussion or directly involves by carrying out the peace mission in South East Asia conflict zones, such as in Mindanao Philippines and South Thailand. Recently, the former chairman of Muhammadiyah, Din Syamsuddin, successfully organized the 7th World Peace Forum in Jakarta, which was attended by more than 100 world peace figures. The event was organized by UKP- DKAAP (Utusan Khusus Presiden untuk Dialog dan kerjasama Antar Agama dan Peradaban or President Special Delegation for Dialog and Cooperation for Inter-Religion and Civilization) and The Center for Dialogue and Cooperation among Civilizations (CDCC), as well as The Cheng Ho Multi-Cultural and Education Trust of Malaysia was successfully ‘spawned” ‘Jakarta Message’ that calls on world leaders to go back to the middle path as a solution above the chaos and conflict all over the world. Unfortunately, the positive roles from Indonesia Islamic civil society in the process of democracy and peace-building has not been widely known and acknowledged by International community. Compared to Turkey, together with Indonesia which often called as a representation of democratic Muslim country, Indonesia still left behind in terms of internationalization of reputation and movement as the world representative of Islam that carry out messages and practices of peace and democracy.
Therefore, Universitas Gadjah Mada (UGM) organized series of research activity, publication, and also International Seminar entitles Indonesian Islam in Global Stage: An Inspiration of Nusantara Peace for the World. This effort is part of the greater effort to promote Muslim Communities’ contribution and experience in Indonesia in a context of democracy and peace-building on national, regional, and international level. The main purposes of this seminar are:
a. To promote the roles of Indonesian Islam in the context of democracy and peace-building on national, regional, and international level.
b. To raise Indonesian Islam as the ‘models’ of Islam that live is in harmony with democracy and peace global context.
c. To review ‘what’ and ‘how’ Islamic organization roles (Muhammadiyah and NU) in a context of democracy and peace-building.
d. Documenting the humanitarian and peace work that has been enforced by Muhammadiyah and NU.